Unmasking Romance Scams to Protect Hearts and Wallets

February 6, 2024
Share the news!

From scams to safeguards, and wallets to digital intimacy, we take a deep dive into romance scams in the crypto age. 

  • The average victim of a romance scam loses $10,000. This is a significant amount of money, and it can be devastating for victims, especially if they are elderly or on a fixed income.
  • The projected losses due to romance scams in 2023 are expected to total $1.3 billion, according to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). This is a significant increase from the estimated losses of $1 billion in 2022. The FTC attributes the increase to the growing popularity of online dating and the increasing sophistication of romance scammers.
In this comprehensive exploration of romance scams, we’ll uncover the newest trends and provide essential knowledge to recognize red flags to protect your finances.

In today’s digital age, romance scams have become an insidious threat, not only to individuals seeking love but also to their financial well-being. These scams often commence on dating websites, where unsuspecting victims are lured into a deceptive world of affection and deceit. This blog will delve into the intriguing history of romance scams, their evolving forms such as “pig butchering,” how these scams operate, and practical steps to protect yourself from these heartless criminals. Additionally, we will explore recent instances of romance scams making headlines and underscore the significance of safeguarding your crypto business and customers from these cunning fraudsters.

The History of Romance Scams

The roots of romance scams can be traced back through centuries, revealing that their core intent remains unchanged—to separate individuals from their money. One of the earliest recorded forms of this deception is the “Spanish Prisoner” scam from the 16th century. In this elaborate ruse, a wealthy benefactor was ensnared by the promise of aiding a noble Spanish prisoner’s release in exchange for a substantial reward and the possibility of marrying the captive’s beautiful daughter. This historical scam mirrors the emotional manipulation and financial exploitation found in contemporary romance frauds.

The Evolution of Romance Scams

Over time, romance scams have evolved into more sophisticated and multifaceted operations. 

In a typical romance scam, the perpetrator crafts a fictitious online identity and initiates contact with the victim, slowly weaving a web of digital affection. As the relationship deepens, the scammer fabricates a heart-rending story, often involving emergencies or medical expenses, to convince the victim to send money. Emotional manipulation becomes the scammer’s preferred tool, exerting relentless pressure on the victim to provide financial assistance.

Romance Scams in the Digital Age: A Growing Predicament

The rise of cryptocurrency has provided scammers with new tools to blossom their old roses of deception, and romance scams are no exception. The anonymity and borderless nature of digital currencies make it easier for fraudsters to operate undetected across international boundaries. Cryptocurrencies offer a convenient method for scammers to swiftly collect funds without leaving a trace. 

romance scams

Moreover, the growing popularity of cryptocurrencies has attracted a fresh pool of potential victims, as novice users may not be fully aware of the risks and intricacies of the crypto world. As a result, it’s crucial for individuals and cryptocurrency businesses alike to exercise heightened vigilance and stay informed about the evolving tactics used by these scammers to ensure that they don’t fall prey to these thorny schemes.

Pig Butchering – A New Form of Romance Scam

In recent years, romance scams have mutated into more elaborate forms, including the infamous “pig butchering” scam. This nefarious scheme involves fraudsters infiltrating online communities, often posing as legitimate users or influencers. They skillfully cultivate trust over time and then coax victims into divulging sensitive information or investing in fraudulent ventures. Once the scammer gains access to the victim’s assets, they vanish without a trace, leaving victims financially devastated and emotionally shattered.

Related: FinCEN Issues Alert on ‘Pig Butchering’ Scam: Protecting the Public and Safeguarding Finances from Virtual Currency Investment Fraud.

Rise of Romance Scams in Recent Years

Recent years have seen an alarming surge in romance scams, fueled by opportunists seeking to capitalize on the growing influx of newcomers to the cryptocurrency realm. These fraudsters exploit the inexperience and trust of individuals new to the world of digital currencies, employing age-old tactics to separate them from their hard-earned money.

One of the core difficulties that romance scams pose is that the victims often don’t see themselves as victims. Instead, these individuals are so caught up in the fairy tale and elaborate scheme that they’ve played a part in—they sometimes refuse to recognize they are the victim. As we delve deeper into this issue from a business-owner perspective, it’s important to remember that for crypto businesses, dealing with these unique challenges requires a nuanced approach. Every customer you have is a potential victim and that means, their desires, actions and behaviors could become risks, significantly impacting your company’s policy and security strategies, making it essential to navigate this terrain with the utmost care.

Proactive Measures to Bolster Your Defenses Against Romance Scams

Now that we’ve explored the alarming rise of romance scams and understand the unique challenges they pose, it’s time to shift our focus toward proactive solutions. As a cryptocurrency company or organization, your role is pivotal in safeguarding both your business and customers from the clutches of these digital predators. To effectively address this issue, let’s dive into recognizing the different types of red flags and their utility. By understanding and implementing these red flags, you can fortify your defenses and create a safer environment for your customers and your organization.

Recognizing the Different Types of Red Flags and Their Utility

There are two distinct categories of red flags to consider when establishing your organization’s red-flag policies and procedures: rules-based red flags and observational red flags. 

These categories encompass various indicators that can help your business detect and prevent romance scams. Let’s delve into these different categories, offering insights into all the considerations you should take into account as you formulate your red-flag policies and procedures, as well as some tell-tale signs of romance scams that might unknowingly involve your customers.

Rules-based red flags

Rules-based red flags are based on objective transactional and/or customer data points, and can generally be programmed via software application. Here are some data points that you may consider incorporating into your red-flags 

  • First-time customer initiating a large transaction 
  • Customer with a birth dates that aligns with the average victim age range
  • Transaction out of pattern or deviating from the customer’s known transaction profile

Observational red flags

Observational red flags are generally based on behaviors that can’t as easily be detected or collected like raw data. These rely on the most powerful compliance supercomputer, the human brain. Technology is great, but it sometimes can’t be programmed to detect certain behavioral nuances and transactional activities.  

  • The victim appears to be being coached during their transaction (remotely or in-person)
    • You see someone conducting a transaction at a Bitcoin ATM kiosk while they are on the phone and seem to be taking step-by-step instructions from the other party. 
    • You’re helping a customer through your company’s support line and you can hear additional people in the background telling them what to say, feeding them information. 
  • The customer mentions how an online friend or romantic partner is asking them to receive and forward money to one or more individuals on their behalf or open a bank account for a “business opportunity.”
From bolstering controls to fostering vigilance, we delve into proactive measures to shield your organization. 

Remain vigilant for red flags such as an excess of coincidences, an inability to engage in video chats, or unusual requests for money. Establishing strong frontline controls, conspicuous warning screens, proactive customer outreach, and annual AML training can serve as powerful deterrents against these scams. For instance, warning messages at cryptocurrency kiosks can alert potential victims before they make irreversible financial decisions.

As we delve deeper into the realm of safeguards for crypto businesses against romance scams, it’s crucial to remember that vigilance and awareness form the first line of defense. We’ve explored the red flags and proactive measures to combat these scams. Now, let’s shift our focus to specific safeguards and mitigating controls your organization can implement to protect both your business and your customers

  • Compliance Training: Conduct annual AML (Anti-Money Laundering) training and other relevant educational programs for your staff, particularly those in customer-facing roles. Ensure they are well-versed in recognizing the signs of romance scams to safeguard your business.
  • Vigilant Monitoring: Continuously monitor transaction patterns, particularly those involving cryptocurrency, to identify any suspicious activities promptly. Collaborate with industry experts to develop tailored red flag routines that can help pinpoint potential romance scams.
  • Customer Outreach: Establish strong customer outreach initiatives, both proactively and reactively. Utilize warning screens with clear messaging for clients engaged in cryptocurrency transactions, cautioning them about the potential risks and red flags associated with romance scams.
  • Reporting Mechanisms: Offer accessible and confidential reporting mechanisms for employees and partners to report any suspicious activities or concerns related to romance scams. Promptly investigate and address these reports to prevent potential fraud.
  • Expert Consultation: Consider consulting with cryptocurrency compliance experts like BitAML to assess and strengthen your organization’s defenses against romance scams. Expert guidance can help tailor your strategies and ensure robust protection for your business and customers.


Romance scams pose a significant threat to businesses, potentially causing emotional distress and financial harm to victims, while presenting a reputational risk to owner. However, by cultivating a culture of awareness and skepticism within your organization, you can fortify both your operations and financial security against these digital threats. In times of doubt, seeking guidance from compliance experts can provide essential protection for your business and customers. Keep in mind that the ongoing fight against romance scams demands continuous vigilance and a commitment to knowledge, which are your most potent defenses.

If your organization is involved in cryptocurrency endeavors, BitAML is your trusted partner for safeguarding against the complexities of romance scams and other emerging threats. With our deep understanding of diverse cryptocurrency ecosystems, our team is poised to help you maintain vigilance and resilience. Contact us today to discover how BitAML can enhance your organizational defenses in the constantly evolving cryptocurrency landscape. Schedule a consultation to fortify your risk management practices.


Similiar Blog Post

Crypto Love Scams and the Rising Trend of Pig Butchering in the Crypto Industry

August 17, 2020
This old-fashioned scam is more prevalent than you think — and your customers could be at risk. If you run a cryptocurrency exchange, kiosk...

Preventing Elder Financial Exploitation in the Cryptocurrency Space – World Elder Abuse Awareness Day

August 17, 2020
This old-fashioned scam is more prevalent than you think — and your customers could be at risk. If you run a cryptocurrency exchange, kiosk...

Pig Butchering Scams on the Rise: How to Protect Your Customer’s Crypto Assets

August 17, 2020
This old-fashioned scam is more prevalent than you think — and your customers could be at risk. If you run a cryptocurrency exchange, kiosk...